Friday, November 20, 2009

History of Nursing Research

Introduction to Nursing Research

History of Nursing Research
·         Florence Nightingale
o   Reformer
o   Reactionary
o   Researcher
o   Crimean War: 1853-56
o   Collected data
o   Used statistics, graphs to present data
o   Based practice on research findings
·         Early 1900s – problems in nursing: education, staffing issues

Nursing Research 50s & 60s
·         Focus on Quantitative Research
·         Educational Studies
·         1952 Nursing Research published
·         ANA Sponsored Research Conferences
·         ANA Commission on Nursing Research
·         1960s Practice oriented research; first nursing research journals

Nursing Research 1970s
·         Standards for Clinical Practice Developed
·         1973 First Nursing Diagnosis Conference
·         Several Research Journals Started
·         1978 Initial focus on Qualitative Research
·         1982-83 Utilization Project (CURN)
·         1983 - ANA Center for Research for Nursing
·         1986 National Center for Nursing Research (NCNR)
o   Dr. Ada Sue Hinshaw, Director
·         Several Research Journals Started
·         Clinical Journal Publishing Research

 Nursing Research 1990s
·         1986 - National Center for Nursing Research (NIH); awards/grants to support nursing research & training
·         1989 Agency for Health Care Policy & Research (AHCPR) established
·         1993 National Institute or Nursing Research (NINR)
o   1995 Patricia Grady, PhD, RN
·         Focus on Outcomes Research
·         1994 The journal Qualitative Health Research began publication
·         1997 Canadian Health Services Research Foundation was established with federal funding
·         1999 AHCPR is renamed Agency for Health Care Research and Quality (AHRQ)
·         2000 NINR issued funding priorities for 2000-2004; annual funding exceeded $100 million
·         The Canadian Institute of Health Research was launched
·         The journal Biological Research for Nursing began publication


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